Hebrews Chapter 1 Summary

In this summary of Hebrews chapter 1, we learn that God has spoken through His Son. God has and continues to speak to His people. The question we must ask ourselves is “am I listening?”. 

Are we listening to the Word God has spoken or are we drifting from it? Are we saturating our minds and hearts with His voice or are we neglecting it?

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What is the Main Message of the Book of Hebrews?

The main theme in the book of Hebrews is Jesus as our High Priest. The gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) give us the details of Jesus’ ministry while He was here on earth. The book of Hebrews describes the ministry that Jesus continues for us in heaven at the right hand of the Majesty on high.

We see how the covenant God has made with His people through His Son is better than the covenant He previously made through the Law.

What is the Main Message of Hebrews Chapter 1?

The main message of Hebrews 1 is “pay attention!”. We must pay attention to the word that God has spoken through His Son, Jesus Christ.

Hebrews 1:1-3 – God Has Spoken Through the Son

hebrews bible study

O God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in various ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom He also made the world. And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact imprint of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. NASB

The word radiance means: reflected brightness. Jesus perfectly reflects the majesty and glory of God. He is the brightness of His glory.

The phrase exact representation in the original language means: “the instrument used for engraving or carving, impression”. Jesus exactly represents God’s character and nature to us. Jesus is the express image of His person.

We also learn in John 1:1, 14 that Jesus is the Word of God.

This book opens up by telling us the different ways how God has spoken. It gives a contrast between how God has spoken in time past, to how God has recently spoken to us in His Son.

Much of what God had spoken through the prophets in the Old Testament was divine revelation. It pointed ahead toward the promise of the Messiah – Jesus Christ. Now, Jesus, the Son of God, had come. He, HImself is the powerful Word of God.

Hebrews 1:2 – Jesus, Heir and Creator

in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things

A great way to help us understand Jesus as the heir of all things is by turning to the Parable of the landowner in Matthew 21:33-44.

Here is a quick summary of who/what each person or group of people represents:

  • Vinyard: God’s Kingdom on earth
  • Landowner: God
  • Vine Growers: Israel
  • Slaves: Prophets
  • Son/Heir: Jesus
  • Vinyard given to: Gentiles

This verse is saying that God gives custody of His kingdom to those who produce the fruit of it. The Jews had become unfruitful. God had sent His prophets over and over again to warn the nation of Israel to repent and return to God. Yet His people did not listen. 

God sent His Son, the heir of all His creation, to proclaim that His kingdom had come and to offer salvation and forgiveness by grace through faith. Again, God’s people rejected not only His messenger but God Himself.

Therefore, God gave the work of His kingdom to the Gentiles.

The takeaway here, and we will see this concept at the beginning of chapter 2, is that we must not reject what God has spoken through His Son. He is not only God’s messenger but His Son and the heir of all things!

Hebrews 1:4-14 – Jesus is Better Than the Angels

having become so much better than the angels, to the extent that He has inherited a more excellent name than they. For to which of the angels did He ever say, “You are My Son,

Today I have fathered You”? And again, “I will be a Father to Him and He will be a Son to Me”? and when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says, “and let all the angels of God worship Him.” And regarding the angels He says, “He makes His angels winds, and His ministers a flame of fire.” But regarding the Son He says, “Thy throne, God, is forever and ever,

and the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of His kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of joy above Your companions.” And, “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of Your hands; They will perish, but You remain; and they all will wear out like a garment, and like a robe You will roll them up; Like a garment they will also be changed. But You are the same, And Your years will not come to an end.” But to which of the angels has He ever said, “Sit at My right hand, Until I make Your enemies A footstool for Your feet”? Are they not all ministering spirits, sent out to provide service for the sake of those who will inherit salvation?

The first thing we should notice here are the references to the Old Testament. This helps us to understand that the author of Hebrews was writing to Jews. If they were not Jews they would have not been convinced by the references to the Old Testament.

We also see a contrast between Jesus and the angels. Verse 4 tells us that Jesus has become better than the angels. Why is this important? I’ll get to that in a minute, but first let’s examine how Jesus is better than the angels.

Now, let’s jump to chapter Hebrews 2:1-2

For this reason we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away from it. 2 For if the word spoken through angels proved unalterable, and every violation and act of disobedience received a just punishment, 3 how will we escape if we neglect so great a salvation?

Much of what was spoken through the prophets was delivered through angels.

Why the Law then? It was added on account of the violations, having been ordered through angels at the hand of a mediator, until the Seed would come to whom the promise had been made. Galatians 3:19

The writer of Hebrews is giving the warning to listen to what God has spoken. If the word spoken through angels has proven to be true and unchanging, we must listen to the word God has spoken in His Son. 

The Son is better than the angels.

Hebrews Chapter 1 Final Thoughts

Summary of Hebrews chapter 1

Once we understand that Jesus perfectly reflects the glory and nature of God we can better understand how God has spoken through Him. It doesn’t mean that God has spoken through Jesus or by Jesus, but rather Jesus is the way He speaks to us.

Jesus is God! He was there in the beginning at the right hand of God. He is the creator of all things, the redeemer of all things, and the heir of all things.

The prophets and angels were messengers. They delivered God’s Word. Jesus is God’s Word!

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