The different names of God in the Bible are important because His names represent His nature. They reveal His character. As we study the names of God in the old and new testaments we grow in our knowledge of Him. This is our goal, isn’t it? We want to know our God!
I want my knowledge of Him to move beyond the theoretical and into the experiential. I want to experience His hand, grace, and power in and through my life. The more I learn about the different names of God, the better equipped I am to recognize the ways they manifest in my life.
15 Different Names of God in the Bible and their Meaning
Here is a list of 15 names of God. I’ve included scripture references that give further insight into the meaning of each name. Scroll to the bottom of the page to download a printable version of these names of God along with the scriptures.
Elohim – Creator
God is Creator. The God who created the heavens and the earth is the same God who fearfully and wonderfully made you and me.
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. – Genesis 1:1 NASB
For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen – Romans 11:36
Jehovah – Self-Existent One
He is the Alpha and Omega. God has always existed and will always remain. He has no beginning and no end.
Then Moses said to God, “Behold, I am going to the sons of Israel, and I will say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you.’ Now they may say to me, ‘What is His name?’ What shall I say to them?” 14 God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM”; and He said, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’” – Exodus 3:13-14
Adonai – Lord
Before we can know God according to many of His other names in the Bible, we must know Him as our Adonai. He must be our Lord and master. As our Creator and our Redeemer, He is worthy of our lives lived in surrender to His loving lordship.
For I know that the Lord is great and that our Lord is above all gods. – Psalm 135:5
“Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter. 22 Many will say to Me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?’ 23 And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness.’ – Matthew 7:21-23
El Elyon – God Most High
God is omnipotent (all-powerful), omniscient (all-knowing), and omnipresent (present everywhere). He is sovereign over the affairs of heaven and earth.
That man may know from the rising to the setting of the sun that there is no one besides Me. I am the Lord, and there is no other, The One forming light and creating darkness, causing well-being and creating calamity; I am the Lord who does all these. – Isaiah 45:6-7
So Pilate said to Him, “You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?” 11 Jesus answered, “You would have no authority over Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason he who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.” – John 19:10-11
El Roi – God Who Sees
God sees into the depth of our hearts and minds. There is no emotion, thought, fear, or hurt that kept hidden from His eyes. The idea that there is a person who knows me this intimately can be an intimidating thought. Yet when we understand the nature of our heavenly Father, we can take comfort in this comprehensive knowledge He has of us. As His children, He loves us deeply. Despite our dark and sinful nature. We are covered in the blood of Jesus. That is what He sees.
Then she called the name of the Lord who spoke to her, “You are a God who sees”; for she said, “Have I even remained alive here after seeing Him?” – Genesis 16:36 (see context)
El Shaddai – All-Sufficient One
There is no desire, need, or weakness that cannot be fulfilled or provided for by God Himself. His grace is sufficient for us.
And He has said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for power is perfected in weakness.” Most gladly, therefore, I will rather boast about my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may dwell in me. – 2 Corinthians 12:9
Jehovah Jireh – Lord Who Provides
God has provided His Son to pay the penalty for our sin that we may inherit eternal life together with Him. This is our greatest need. If He has already provided for us in this way, we can be confident that He will continue to provide for our every need.
Then Abraham raised his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him a ram caught in the thicket by his horns; and Abraham went and took the ram and offered him up for a burnt offering in the place of his son. 14 Abraham called the name of that place The Lord Will Provide, as it is said to this day, “In the mount of the Lord it will be provided.” – Genesis 22:13-14
Jehovah Rapha – Lord Who Heals
God gave His Son not only to meet our greatest need of salvation but also to heal our greatest brokenness – sin. Our Jehovah Rapha sent His Son to heal the devastating effects of sin and restore our broken relationship with Him.
And He said, “If you will give earnest heed to the voice of the Lord your God, and do what is right in His sight, and give ear to His commandments, and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you which I have put on the Egyptians; for I, the Lord, am your healer.” – Genesis 15:26
Jehovah Nissi – The Lord My Banner
Under God’s banner, we move from victory to victory. “Thanks be to God who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ” (1 Corinthians 15:57 NASB)
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write this in a book as a memorial and recite it to Joshua, that I will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven.” 15 Moses built an altar and named it The Lord is My Banner; 16 and he said, “The Lord has sworn; the Lord will have war against Amalek from generation to generation.” – Exodus 17:14-16 (see context)
Jehovah Shalom – The Lord is Peace
Because we have peace with God through Jesus Christ we have the peace of God in our hearts and minds. No matter the obstacles life may throw at us, we know that our God is sovereign and we have an eternal inheritance to look forward to.
When Gideon saw that he was the angel of the Lord, he said, “Alas, O Lord God! For now I have seen the angel of the Lord face to face.” 23 The Lord said to him, “Peace to you, do not fear; you shall not die.” 24 Then Gideon built an altar there to the Lord and named it The Lord is Peace. To this day it is still in Ophrah of the Abiezrites. – Judges 6:22-24 (see context)
Jehovah Sabaoth – Lord of Hosts
Our greatest enemy lives and attacks us from within the spiritual realm. However, the kingdom of heaven is fully equipped with a host of angelic armies fight for us in these heavenly places. God commands them to fight on our behalf. We are able to partner in this battle through prayer. Praying scripture is one of the most effective strategies we have in this fight.
Now when the attendant of the man of God had risen early and gone out, behold, an army with horses and chariots was circling the city. And his servant said to him, “Alas, my master! What shall we do?” 16 So he answered, “Do not fear, for those who are with us are more than those who are with them.” 17 Then Elisha prayed and said, “O Lord, I pray, open his eyes that he may see.” And the Lord opened the servant’s eyes and he saw; and behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha. – 2 Kings 6:15-17
Jehovah Mekoddishkem – Lord Who Sanctifies
Sanctify is just a fancy name way to say ‘set apart’ or ‘to make holy’. It is God who continues the work in our hearts to make us more holy. More like Jesus. More like Himself.
“But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you. – Exodus 31:13
Jehovah Raab – The Lord My Shepherd
We can trust God as we follow Him, knowing that He is a good Shepherd who leads us along the right paths and towards the things that are ultimately for our good.
The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. – Psalm 23:1
Jehovah Tsidkenu – The Lord My Righteousness
There is nothing we can do to earn our righteousness. God alone is righteous. A person is made righteous when they confess their sins and accept Jesus as God’s way of forgiveness and salvation.
“Behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord, “When I will raise up for David a righteous Branch; and He will reign as king and act wisely and do justice and righteousness in the land. “In His days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely; and this is His name by which He will be called, ‘The Lord our righteousness.’ – Jeremiah 23:5-6
Jehovah Shammah – The Lord is Near
God’s promise to never leave or forsake us is a great source of comfort for every believer. He lives within us through the indwelling Holy Spirit and remains active and present in our daily lives.
God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. – Psalm 46:1
Free Printable Names of God Reading Plan
I’ve created a printable reading plan of these verses so you can continue to meditate on these names of God in the Bible and their meanings. This reading plan would be a great way for you and your family to prepare your hearts for advent as we celebrate the coming of our Savior.