Romans Chapter 5 Commentary – Results of God’s GraceRoman

Today, we continue on our journey through the book of Romans by taking a closer look at the scriptures of Romans chapter 5. These verses reveal profound truths about our connection to Adam and the unparalleled redemption found in the sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ. As we dive into this chapter, we’ll uncover the divine revelation of God’s unfathomable love and grace. 

So, grab your Bible, let the Holy Spirit be your guide, and join me in a study of Romans 5.

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The Main Idea of Romans Chapter 5 

In Romans Chapter 4, Paul had just announced that we are justified by faith; not by the Law. Now, beginning in Romans 5, he announces the results of this justification by God’s grace through faith. The main point of this section is to show the results of this justification.

Romans 5:1-11 Peace with God Through Faith

Romans 5:1

The first section of this chapter refers back to what Paul had been discussing in Romans chapter 4. Then, he goes on to discuss that we have been given peace and joy through this justification.

Verse 1

Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. NASB

This chapter begins with a ‘therefore’. We want to pay attention to this word because it means the author is connecting something he just said with something he is about to say.

In Romans chapter 4, the apostle Paul had just discussed how Abraham was justified through his faith, not by his works. 

Paul begins this section of his letter in chapter 5 by announcing the benefits of those who have been justified by faith. First of all, this justification gives us peace with God through Jesus Christ. The root greek word for ‘peace’ means ‘to join’. We are joined together with God through Christ. He has brought us into union with Himself. 

Verse 2

through whom we also have obtained our introduction by faith into this grace in which we stand; and we celebrate in hope of the glory of God.

Secondly, those who are justified by faith have been introduced (another translation says ‘given access’) into the grace in which we now stand. 

Let’s take a look at another reference that will help us understand what this verse is saying.

For Christ also suffered for sins once for all time, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit; – 1 Peter 3:18

for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father. – Ephesians 2:18

Grace means ‘favor’. In Christ, we stand in a position of favor towards God. Through Him, we become children of God. We are near and dear to Him.

Third, we celebrate and rejoice in the hope that He gives us.

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 to obtain an inheritance which is imperishable, undefiled, and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, 5 who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. – 1 Peter 1:3-5

Because God has placed the seal of His spirit on us, we have free access to His presence. We can enjoy life with our Father in His kingdom today; this very moment. However, there is a day coming when will will behold the fullness of His glory. A day when sin and death will be swallowed up and we will live forever with God in heaven. This is the hope we can rejoice in.

Romans Chapter 5 Verses 3-4

And not only this, but we also celebrate in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings about perseverance; 4 and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope.

The fourth benefit of being justified through faith is that we can now perceive trials and suffering much differently. God can use suffering to make us more like Christ. In fact, we learn in Hebrews that Christ Himself experienced suffering so that He could become a faithful and merciful High Priest.

Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brothers so that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. 18 For since He Himself was tempted in that which He has suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are tempted. – Hebrews 2:17-18

God will not waste our suffering. He can use all the trials and circumstances we go through to bring about His ultimate plan.

In this you greatly rejoice, even though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been distressed by various trials, 7 so that the proof of your faith, being more precious than gold which perishes though tested by fire, may be found to result in praise, glory, and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ; 8 and though you have not seen Him, you love Him, and though you do not see Him now, but believe in Him, you greatly rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory, 9 obtaining as the outcome of your faith, the salvation of your souls. – 1 Peter 1:6-9

Verse 5

Romans 5:3-4

and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

The hope we place in God will not disappoint us. We could place our hope in other things that may eventually disappoint; people, powers, possessions.

The hope we place in God is based upon the promises of God. As we saw in Romans chapter 4, God’s promises are trustworthy. They are worth placing our hope in because God cannot and will not lie or go back on His Word.

But, how can we be so sure?

Because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit. The Lord reveals and expresses His love for us in our hearts.

This is not some weird, mystical feeling that “Somebody up there” cares about you, but a deep conviction that a personal God loves you as an individual.

Romans 5:6-11 – Salvation Secured in Christ

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In verses 6-20 Paul describes how justification through faith brought us from lesser things to greater things. He reasons that if God showed His love towards us when we were His enemies, will He not much more protect us now that we belong to Him? 

This brings us to the fifth benefit of our justification; the security of our salvation. In developing this theme, Paul explains five “much mores.”

  1. The “much more” of deliverance from wrath (5:9).
  2. The “much more” of preservation by His resurrection life (5:10).
  3. The “much more” of the gift of grace (5:15).
  4. The “much more” of the believer’s reign in life (5:17).
  5. The “much more” of pure grace (5:20).

Verse 6

For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. 

Another great reminder that we are weak and helpless to save ourselves. Paul spent the first two chapters of Romans laying out all the reasons why we need a savior. We are all guilty before a holy God

Jesus said “I have not come to call the righteous to repentance, but sinners.” – Luke 5:32

He came to save weak, ungodly sinners to repentance and justification through faith.

We also see that Christ came at the right time. 

But when the fullness of the time came, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, 5 so that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons and daughters. 6 Because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying out, “Abba! Father!” 7 Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir through God. – Galatians 4:4-7

The world was prepared spiritually, economically, linguistically, politically, philosophically and geographically for the coming of Jesus and the spread of the Gospel. In due time also has the meaning that Jesus died at the due time for us. He died when we were sinners who needed a Savior. His timing was just right for us. – David Guzik

Verse 7-8

For one will hardly die for a righteous man; though perhaps for the good man someone would even dare to die. But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. 

God’s love is set apart. God’s love is unlike any other kind of human love we could ever experience. It is holy, sacrificial, and perfect. The cross of Christ Jesus is the ultimate demonstration of God’s love for us.

One may say “why would a loving God send His Son to die?”. Great question. 

This is why the deity of the Father and the Son is crucial. It’s not just that God sent His son; God Himself willingly came and died for us.

namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their wrongdoings against them, and He has committed to us the word of reconciliation. – 2 Corinthians 5:19

Verses 9-11

Romans 5:6

Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him. 10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. 11 And not only this, but we also celebrate in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.

This passage shows a shift in our identity. Through the cross, we are no longer enemies of God destined for wrath, but we are reconciled to God and destined for eternal life. 

If God’s love is powerful enough to justify His enemies, then we can be confident of its power to sanctify us in becoming more like Christ and to glorify us on the day when we receive the fullness of our salvation. 

Again, this goes back to what we read back in verse Romans chapter 5:5 about our hope in God. True believers can rejoice and take courage in the hope they have in Christ because our salvation is secure in Him.

Romans 5:12-20 – Death in Adam, Life in Christ

For the remainder of Romans 5 Paul will be transitioning from the theme of justification in chapters 1-5 to sanctification in chapters 6-8. The first portion of this letter discusses sinful acts of humanity. Now, Paul wants his readers to understand that sin is also part of human nature. 

He uses the idea of death through Adam, but life through Christ to show how the work of Christ far outweighs in justification than Adam’s sin weighs in condemnation.

Verses 12

Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all mankind, because all sinned— 

This passage is saying that all mankind inherited Adam’s sin. Paul is referring back to the account of the fall of Adam back in Genesis 3.

Whether we want to believe it or not, God’s word is clear – all are sinners. There are a lot of voices and ideas in our culture today that would have you believe that man is basically good. 

It is important to understand that the Adam and Eve account is not an optional passage to be accepted or rejected, or allegorized away. According to Paul’s theme here in Romans 5, you can’t take away the truth of Genesis 3 without taking away principles that lay the foundation for our salvation. – David Guzik

We must choose to believe what God’s Word clearly says or believe what the world wants us to be convinced of. 

Verse 13-14

13 for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not counted against anyone when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the violation committed by Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.

This next section introduces the ideas of sin and transgression. We need to understand the difference between these two words. 

Sin is defined as missing the mark. We all fall short of missing the mark of God’s holy standard.

Transgression is defined as a violation of a known law. 

Adam received a clear commandment from God and then transgressed that command. Centuries later, Moses received the giving of the Law from God. However, during that in-between time, there was no written moral code that people were to live by. So, sin existed but it could not be counted as transgression.

Romans 5 Verses 15-16

But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the offense of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many. 16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one offense, resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the gracious gift arose from many offenses, resulting in justification. 17 For if by the offense of the one, death reigned through the one, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.

Adam’s sin had repercussions for mankind; the consequence is death. However, like Adam, the grace given through Jesus also has repercussions for mankind; the gift of life.

This is why the Law (our own strength and effort) is powerless to save. Until Christ came and defeated death; death reigned. 

But, in Christ, we are set free from death. Sin and death no longer reign. We have been set free from the guilt of sin.

Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, so that through death He might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil, 15 and free those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives. – Hebrews 2:14-15

The power of sin is death. But Paul says that the reign of life through Jesus is much more certain. The believer’s reign in life through Jesus is more certain than death… – David Guzik

Verse 18-21

So then, as through one offense the result was condemnation to all mankind, so also through one act of righteousness the result was justification of life to all mankind. 19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. 20 The Law came in so that the offense would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, so also grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

In this section, Paul continues his thoughts from verses 15-16 with two more comparisons. He wants the believers to know the magnitude of Christ’s work on the cross.

  1. The offense of Adam led to condemnation for all mankind, but Jesus’ act of righteousness led to justification for all mankind.
  2. The Law came to increase the offense, but the grace of God, again, outweighs the offense.

These two men represent two choices that every person must make. Either human beings will choose to live under the representation of Adam; destined for condemnation, or we will live under the representation of Jesus; destined for eternal life. 

Which are you choosing?

Through the lens of faith, we discover that the testing of our faith produces endurance, shaping us into resilient disciples for the journey of the Christian life. Our connection to Adam’s legacy is overshadowed by the magnificent triumph of the death of Christ, securing our eternal hope and saving us from God’s wrath. May we walk boldly in this truth, allowing the endurance cultivated in trials to become a testimony that points others toward the glory of God. May our lives radiate His grace, bringing honor to His name and reflecting the transformative power of His redeeming love. Let Romans 5 be more than words on a page; may it be a roadmap for our journey toward God’s glory.

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